Inventory of birds in the coastal restinga of a Private Natural Heritage Reserve in northeastern Brazil

Juan Ruiz-Esparza, Saulo Meneses Silvestre, Viviane Sodré Moura, Natasha Moraes de Albuquerque, Rodrigo Farias de Carvalho Terra, Luana Marina de Castro Mendonça, Douglas de Matos Dias, Raone Beltrão-Mendes, Patrício Adriano da Rocha, Stephen Francis Ferrari

Abstract


The knowledge of the characteristics of bird communities found in each habitat type and the ecological requirements of each species helps to define the environmental conditions of an area. In the present study, we provide an inventory of the bird community of the Caju Private Natural Heritage Reserve (RPPN Caju), in Itaporanga d’Ajuda, Sergipe, Brazil. We conducted a rapid assessment of the bird community between October 21st and 31st, 2014, using MacKinnon’s lists and mist-netting. We identified 89 bird species representing 36 families, of which the most diverse were Thraupidae (S=11), Tyrannidae (S=11), Columbidae (S=5), Falconidae (S=4) and Psittacidae (S=4). Five of the species recorded are endemic to Brazil and one (Herpsilochmus pectoralis) is considered vulnerable to extinction, according to IUCN criteria. We recorded bird species that are predominantly insectivorous (40.45%), omnivorous (25.84%), and carnivorous (11.24%). Other guilds (frugivorous, granivorous, detritivorous, piscivorous, and nectarivorous) represented together less than 25% of the records. The bird richness recorded at the RPPN Caju confirms the potential importance of the area as a conservation unit.

Keywords: protected area, avian fauna, Sergipe.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4013/nbc.2016.112.01



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